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The facilities include pipe compressor stations

A station of compression of the functions is oriented for the different applications with respect to the movement of natural gas through the pipes. An application is a relationship with a gas collection compressor station where the gas is collected through a series of responses is directed to a lower pressure and treated through the compressors where the pressure increases and is sent by a pipe a battery a series of plant processes again a pipe compressor station is when it comes to a booster station on a main line of natural gas transport of cross country where the gas pressure in the pipe increases so you can transport more gas at long distance. WHAT ARE THE COMPRESSORS OF NATURAL GAS? The compressors are facilities in charge of applying pressure to natural gas to reduce the volume and thus achieve the extraction of products from the wells. In the same way, it allows natural gas to be transported by gas pipelines since it is located along all of these. There are different techniques for the extraction of natural gas such as compressed natural gas (CNG) that is used to transport gas to the place of consumption through gas pipeline networks. Natural gas compressors include a series of filter separators, filters or separators for the separation and filtration of liquids. They also help eliminate dirt, particles and impurities from natural gas. WHY IS THE INSTALLATION OF NATURAL GAS STATIONS IMPORTANT? The stations compress the natural gas as they travel through the pipes, since this pressure in the pipeline decreases as the distance from the point of penetration increases. The only way to manage the transport of gas with adequate pressure through the pipes is to exercise the necessary force using the compressors since these allow gas to continue to flow through the pipes to finally reach their destination of distribution to the refineries and other end users. This is a vital reason for the installation of these compression stations. TYPES OF COMPRESSORS For the industries, there is a great variety of compressors for different types of needs, which are classified in two simple groups according to the operation principle; dynamic or continuous flow compressors and positive displacement or intermittent flow compressors. In the dynamic or continuous flow we can find the centrifugal compressors. The reciprocating and rotary compressors are found in the positive displacement compressors. The rotary compressors are categorized as single rotor or two rotors where the single rotor is composed of sliding paddle and the one of 2 rotors per screw. WHAT ARE THE CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS? In this type of compressors the pressure is produced when the velocity of the gas passing through the impeller is increased and then it is recovered in a controlled manner, achieving the desired flow and pressure. POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSOR These types of compressors are of constant capacity where their pressure discharge is variable. The capacity is changed by the speed or with the suction valve discharger. RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR These types of compressors work with the adiabatic principle (process in which a system does not lose or gain heat) where the gas is introduced into the cylinder by the inlet valves where it is retained and compressed and then exit through the discharge valves. Generally this type of compressors can not work individually. SCREW COMPRESSOR A screw compressor is constituted by a pair of rotors of helical lobes of constant gear. The rotors are mounted on an iron board with a gas inlet on one end and a gas outlet on the other. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROCESS OF NATURAL GAS COMPRESSORS The gas in comes from a mother line and enters a separator whose function is to retain water particles in a liquid state, oil residues and impurities that can be dragged with the fluid. Then the gas enters the compressor plant system, where a suction scrubber is started (cleaning of particles of liquids and contaminants and impurities by suction), a process that is carried out before entering the compressor. The compression of the gas is done through a screw compressor in an oil bath powered by a gas engine. The gas goes through the suction of the compressor and is dragged by the rotation of the screw which raises its pressure in the line. The gas as the oil is expelled through the discharge port of the compressor where it passes to the oil and gas separator where the fluids are separated. Both fluids go through a preocess of cooling by air to lower to temperature and continue the processes. The purpose of cooling the oil is that it retains the lubricating qualities to continue being used in the lubrication of the compressor and this continues to cool the gas flow. To achieve the elimination of moisture from the gas, a scrubber is used to relieve the load on the molecular sieves, since the gas used to regenerate the sieves is once again incorporated into the suction stream so as not to waste the gas. The compressed gas passes through a coalescing filter to remove any liquid particulate, either compressor oil or other type of material filtered by the gas stream, then passes through filters, the compressed gas enters the molecular sieve dehydrators where it is dehydrated to be sent to a gasoline plant at a pressure of 150 psi and a dew point of -40 degrees C. In the compression process condensates are produced in the different separators of the compressor plant. The collection of these condensate liquids is a mixture of water and hydrocarbons that make up a heavy natural gasoline. The separated water in this process is drained to a cistern or a closed drainage system, while the gasoline is transported by a pipeline to the extraction plant. MOST IMPORTANT COMPONENTS OF A COMPRESSION PLANT COMPRESSOR ENGINE SUCTION OR DOWNLOAD SCRUBBER DROP SEPARATOR OIL GAS SEPARATOR AERO-COOLER